Ten Of The Top Super Foods

Our health is influenced by simple factors, among the most important of which are diet and physical activity. Food can be used both in preventing and treating diseases, say nutritionists. You just have to know how to choose them.

Provided in bold below are some lesser known super foods for health benefits — they’re listed by nutrition author Glen Matten, and we provide some additional background information on each of his super food picks.

1. Leeks – help digestion because of their rich probiotic fiber, which promotes the growth of beneficial intestinal flora. Among other sources of probiotics are bananas, asparagus and onions.

2. Watermelon – protects you from the sun. Watermelon is a good source of lycopene, known for the protection it offers against heart disease, prostate cancer as well as skin diseases caused by exposure to UV rays. The same effect be experienced by other foods such as tomatoes, red pepper, green tea or mackerel.

3. Coriander – has an anti-aging effect. Make it a habit to add green coriander salad to get its nutrients such as beta carotene and vitamin C, and antioxidants that protect against diseases that occur with age. Other rich sources of antioxidants and peppers, carrots and broccoli.

4. Onions – fight against cancer because of quercetin, a substance found in onions fully known for anti-cancer effects. You can also opt for apples, oranges, parsley and red wine.

5. Pumpkins – can help you lose weight. Due to its high fiber and water, a pumpkin provides satiety with a low number of calories, but a significant amount of vitamin C. Other food that may have similar effects include apples, celery and brown rice.

6. Red grapes – are good for the heart. Polyphenols from grapes are famous for their cardioprotective properties. As the grape color gets darker, the higher content of polyphenols in the grape. They have a heart protective effect just like red wine, grape juice or fish oil.

7. Mussels – great for metabolism. Rich in selenium, eating mussels ensures the smooth functioning of the thyroid and metabolism. It also improves immunity and fertility. You can also find significant amounts of selenium in tuna, beef or eggs.

8. Walnuts – improve your memory because it contains omega-3. In addition, omega-3 fatty acids have protective effects on the heart.

9. Beets – are recommended for pregnancy. A red beet is a rich source of folate (folic acid) needed to prepare women to be mothers. Studies have shown that heart disease can protect and even help prevent Alzheimer’s disease. You may find them in dark green vegetables, figs and avocados.

10. Rye bread – provides a natural detoxification due to dietary fiber content. It improves digestion, reduces risk of colon cancer and heart disease. Besides fiber, rye bread contains other nutrients such as minerals or vitamins B. You can also opt for beans, brown rice or lentils.

A sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy eating are major causes affecting the health of a large number of people. For this reason it is important that each of us to learn to choose healthy foods and follow an exercise program.

Source by Dedi Walker

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Healthy Eating – Have You Tried These Kitchen Tools?

Looking to take your health to the next level? If so, do not discount the variety of kitchen tools available to help make your food preparation life a little more straightforward. It is one thing to focus on eating healthier foods, but quite another to look at making sure you are using the right “tools of the trade” so to speak to ensure you are getting the healthiest meals you can and perhaps in the shortest amount of time.

Many people already have the basics…

  • a skillet,
  • a pot,
  • a steamer,
  • a blender, and so forth.

But, there are a few other exciting kitchen cooking tools that can help you take your meals up a notch.

Here are a few…

1. A Vegetable Spiralizer. First up on the list is a vegetable spiralizer. This tool helps you make “spaghetti” like pieces from zucchini, carrots, or even sweet potatoes if you prefer. If you are looking to avoid gluten and therefore cannot eat pasta, it is one tool you might appreciate.

2. An Oil Mister. Next up on the list is an oil mister. If you ever have trouble drizzling on just a little bit of olive oil, this one is for you. You can merely mist the food you want to put the olive oil on and get a very light coating.

Considering there are over 100 calories per tablespoon of oil, this can save you loads of calories in the long run.

3. A Computerized Food Scale. If you are serious about seeing the best results from your diet and exercise efforts, it is going to be very important you are weighing and measuring the foods you eat. This is where a computerized food scale comes in helpful.

These food scales are not only going to weigh your food for you, but they will also tell you how many calories and grams of each macronutrient they contain. These scales make knowing what you are eating much more accessible.

4. The Magic Bullet. The last kitchen tool you will want in your cupboard is a magic bullet. If you are a smoothie lover, this is a must-have. The Magic Bullet comes with cups that fit right into the blender component, so after you blend your smoothie, you can just put a lid on it, and you are good to go.

There you have four of the best kitchen tools out there that are often overlooked. Which of these will you try out?

Source by Beverleigh H Piepers

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Health Industry and Online Business Create Money

There are so many people that are seeking new ways to generate much needed income. One paycheck limits your possibilities of success. The real success is being found in entrepreneurs who step out of the norm and begin to generate money through creative online business ideas. An online business that focuses on the health industry has many great benefits. The more unique the health item, the easier it will be to make money quickly. An online business opens up the possibilities of stepping out of the daily 9:00 to 5:00 job and stepping into a full time online business.

Health and Internet = Money
The internet is always full of people looking for two things. Number one they are looking for ways to stay healthy and young. Number two, they are looking for ways to make money. When you have an online job that focuses on health and nutrition you meet the needs of the two most common internet users. When you have a great online health business you can easily generate traffic to your website creating sales and business associates 24 hours a day. A great product sells itself. You can easily learn how to generate activity and hits to your website which will strengthen your business and bring money to your pocket.

Work from Home
An online business gives you the opportunity to work from home. Working from home gives you the flexibility that you so desire. Mothers and fathers can spend extra time with their families and they can even save money on child care. Working from home lets you pick your own work hours. You can work late into the night if you tend to be a night owl or you can work early in the morning if you are an early bird. Either way you will get the worm.

Make Money
You can create a home based business that makes enough money to cover your monthly expenses and then some. An online business has no real overhead. You do not have to stock pile product, you do not have to pay rent for storage or a store front, and with an online business you do not have the expenses of electric, phone, and insurance that are associated with a local store based business . You can easily make money online with a health based business. People are searching for ways to get healthy. They can easily find your website and you will make sales day and night. An online business can generate money, sales and new business associates 24-7, even while you sleep and relax. The internet never sleeps.

If you are looking for the perfect internet business than considering combining a highly sought after health product. These products will generate traffic to your site and you will soon begin making sales and you will have business associates joining your business. The combination of the health industry and online business makes money.

Source by Lisa Peeno

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29 Tips To Stay Young And Healthy

1.Eat Super Food

If you want to keep young and healthy, then the advice from researchers are: Eat Super Food! Super Food is food you make from fresh ingredients; berries, fruit and vegetables, salmon and other fat fish, bird and game, nuts, red wine and green tea.

2.Give your lungs a challenge

Frequent exercise increases lung capacity with up to 25 per cent.

3.Put the cigarette out

If you smoke: put it out now!

4.Become aware of your breath

Breathe with your stomach – ideally is 12-14 deep breaths per minute.

5.Keep your weight

It is a burden for your joints to carry too many kilos

6.Eat breakfast

A good and fibre healthy breakfast.

7.Build up musculature

A study of men between 60-72 years show that they have doubled the muscle strength by frequent exercise in 12 weeks.

8.Enjoy your sex life

Scottish researchers have proved that regular sex – three to four times a week – releases substances from your brain which slows down aging.

9.Check your posture

You can better our posture through exercise as yoga or Pilates.

10.Fill up the oil

The best oil for the body is fat fish, walnuts and linseeds.

11.Check for rust treatment

The best treatment for your body is green tea, nuts, berries, fruit and green vegetables, dark chocolate, red wine, red meat and Soya.

12.Stay away from bad diets

Milk, plus fat fish is important to maintain healthy and strong bones.

13.Enjoy the sun

The body needs sun to produce vitamin D, some researchers recommend you take a few minutes under a sun bed frequently in the winter.

14.Drink water

Drink at least eight glasses of clean water a day. Check your urine – It should be clear. If it is yellow, then that indicates that you do not drink enough.

15.Go for a walk

Frequent walk reduces the risk of developing osteoporoses.

16.Strengthen your heart

Eat food that is rich on vitamin B, magnesium and Zink, as meat, fish, egg and milk. Other protective food is carrots, cabbage, avocado, nuts, garlic and wholemeal.

17.Watch your blood pressure

Remember salt, overweight and stress increases the risk of high blood pressure, while exercise, a healthy diet and distension reduces it.

18.Check the heart

Go to your doctor for a yearly check up.

19.Don’t stress

People who stress have three times as much risk of developing heart illnesses at a young age, according to American study.

20.Use sun cream

It is important to use sun cream with a high UVA factor. And remember that sun cream is fresh, so invest in a new one for each new season.

21.Reduce sugar intake

If you have to have something sweet, then dark chocolate that contains at least 70% cocoa beans is preferred.

22.Have your beauty sleep

You should sleep a minimum of seven hours a night.

23.Give the skin nutrition

Use a lotion that contains vitamin A, C and E. From the inside nourish your skin by eating fruit, berries and vegetables, salmon and tuna and drink green tea and red wine.

24.Prioritize your body’s need

Divide 24hours in three eight hours batches, one for work, one for recreation and one for rest.

25.Plan your day

Think and plan today for tomorrow. Shop food for several days ahead and plan food preparation, meals and exercise.

26.Look after your teeth

Brush your teeth twice a day and avoid too much coffee, tea and red wine. Use dental floss daily.

27.Keep in shape

Your body is not made to doze off on the sofa! Get up and out to be active.

28.Think positive

The expert’s advice is that you every day thinks of something you are grateful for. It creates positively which makes you happy and younger.

29.Mental maintenance

According to a Swedish study you increase the risk of dementia with 30% if you spend too much time in front of the television.

Enjoy a young and healthy life!

Source by Mai Lis Sivertsen

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Today’s Digital Medical Marketing – The New Age of Digital Referral Marketing

Traditional media channels are giving way to “personalized” digital channels that utilize keywords, digital communities and digital media in their provision of marketing messages. Prospective patients no longer simply refer to their yellow pages, newspapers or radio and network television in making their medical service purchases, rather they are relying on their online “friends” as referral sources and on targeted websites that have what they are searching for.

Looking for Dr. Goodbar online

No longer do prospective patients simply type in “Plastic Surgeon” in a search bar and expect a response full of irrelevant content unrelated to their query or location. Instead, both the searcher and the search engines have become more sophisticated. First, the searcher is using more “longtail” searches where the search phrase is made up 2 or more words, and sometimes for more than 5 words, in order to narrow their search results from the outset. Secondly, search engines are now employing a local bias to their results, which means that a searcher initiating a query from Tulsa, OK, will receive results that the search engine has classified as Tulsa related.

Today’s digital medical practice marketing must anticipate and respond to the specific keywords being utilized by their existing and prospective patients in search for their medical practices and expertise. For example, if your patient demographics utilize the phrase “breast enlargements”, you would be wise to optimize your digital presences in your website, Facebook Fan page, blog, Twitter account, etc. for exactly that search phrase. In this way search engines are expected to determine your online presences to be relevant to such a search phrase.

Choice of Digital Medical Marketing Media

Choosing the digital delivery channels through which to send your medical marketing messages should take into account the defining aspects of your target patient demographics. Is the medium of choice a Twitter Tweet? A Facebook post? A YouTube Video? It’s a good idea to find out where your patients and prospective patients are digitally, and then be there with them.

Of particular note is that the mobileweb is growing quicker than did the online web. Nowadays the bulk of the population are so interdependent on the information freedom offered by mobile devices that they are unlikely to leave home without their mobile phone. Advances in network speeds and device functionality permit rich media to be delivered on the mobile platform with depth and content equivalent to an online experience. Implications are that your patients and prospective patients will increasingly be digital, in their content consumption and their searches. The future of your medical marketing media channels will therefore be to optimize your digital assets to this new mobile frontier.

Your Patient Referral Community is Socially Networked

The new “word of mouth” referral is coming from today’s digital social networks. Social networks like Facebook, Twitter, Yelp, are communities amongst themselves. Specific groups, lists, locations, all function to integrate and concentrate individuals. The key benefit of these social networks and derived communities is that there is an infrastructure by which members can communicate and interact with each other. This is where you have to be. Referrals will increasingly be digitally based and leveraged to your benefit if you have a digital presence therein.

Defining Today’s Medical Marketing Outreach Strategy

Traditional ways of driving business to your doorstep are expected to become less and less effective in a world of digital fragmentation, where everyone has their own “personal channel”. This means that your medical marketing outreach strategy must appear to be near personal and yet have sufficient economies of scale as to be cost effective. This is today’s quandary. Solutions include repurposing of digital content from your website to social media channels, aggregation of outreach mechanisms to a central source, and simply putting in the effort necessary to socially interact with these new digital demographics.


It’s akin to a new language, a new frontier, but one that will pay dividends to those that can be found where and when these digital patients are searching. So have your medical practice marketing start to deliver engaging content through relevant media channels valued by your target patient demographics, and start filling your new patient funnel.

Source by Tee Marek

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Concierge Medicine – Is it For You?

The last time you called your doctor’s office, how long did you have to wait for a reply? How long do you usually have to wait to get an appointment or wait for a prescription to be called in? When you get to the office, how long do you spend in the waiting room and how much time does the doctor spend with you?

Did you get all your questions answered? How many seconds do you have in the beginning of your appointment to explain your symptoms before you are interrupted? Do the nurses and doctors seem to be more interested in their computers or their charts than they are to you?

If your experiences are like most people, your answers to these questions are not very flattering to the medical profession and to the health care system in general. Most doctors don’t really want their practices to be like this, but they don’t have much choice. They have to have a high volume of patients in order to make ends meet financially. The high volume makes the clinic a very busy place and most patients don’t feel like they get much attention.

In 1996 in Seattle, a doctor named Howard Moran thought there should be a better way to do this. He pioneered the concept of having a lower volume practice with highly attentive medical care provided as a service for patients in return for a retainer fee, much like many attorneys or accountants use. This fee may be in addition to, or in lieu of, the regular office fees that are billed to insurance companies. This concept allows the practice to remain financially solvent while providing better, more attentive medical service to its low volume of patients (usually keeping the patient count down to about one tenth of the number in a typical traditional primary care practice).

Unfortunately, health insurance companies currently don’t pay for this type of service, so that means the patients have to pay this out of pocket, but if the service is good, it may be worth it. Patients who join these practices are encouraged to keep their usual insurance which they will need for visits to other specialists, laboratory testing, radiological testing and/or hospital services if needed.

Many concierge practices offer same or next day appointments, no long waits for appointments or prescription refills, direct access to your personal physician day or night, house calls if necessary, continuing care if hospitalized, complete physical examinations, audiometry screening, cardiovascular and cancer risk screening, more attention to preventive care, unrushed appointments, all questions answered, family meetings if needed, coordination of care with specialists, provision of personal health records on CDs or flash drives, etc., etc.

Depending on the type and number of services that are provided, the flat retainer fee can vary widely from one area to the next ranging from $100 to $20,000/ year, most probably averaging around $1500-3000/year. There were only a few hundred of these physicians a few years ago, but there are over 5000 of them now all over the country. Many of them, but not all, are listed at the main website for the American Academy of Private Physicians – http://www.aapp.org/. Patients may be able to find a concierge physician in their area on this site.

There has been some controversy surrounding some of these practices because some authorities feel the growth of concierge medicine will lead to a 2-tiered medical system in this country – one for the wealthy and one for the not-so-wealthy. Also, with the current shortage of primary care physicians (PCPs), with increasing numbers of concierge practices, the number of PCPs available for traditional offices will be even smaller, and access to care for patients served by those practices will suffer. On the other hand, more medical students may become interested in primary care if opportunities in concierge medicine are available to them when they finish their residencies.

Some of these practices have come under fire from insurance companies who say that concierge physicians are basically providing an insurance plan for their patients without having an insurance license to do so. The practices must therefore be legally and financially structured in such a way that avoids this criticism.

Overall, the concept of concierge medicine provides a good alternative to the currently unsatisfying traditional model of medical practice. The fee may seem high to some, but in most instances, it probably isn’t much higher than the cost of the local cable or telephone bill, or about the same as what a family would spend eating out at a restaurant once a week. 

Source by Greg Warth, M.D.

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Jock Itch or Herpes? Here’s How to Tell the Difference

A persistent groin itch is enough to make a sane man crazy, as part of the brain is always resisting the urge to scratch. Men with itchy, sore genitals might also be frightened of the cause of the itch, worried that the symptoms they’re experiencing might be due to something chronic, like herpes. While herpes is common, some cases of crotch itching are caused by more benign conditions, including jock itch. This article will outline the difference between herpes and jock itch and provide some penis health care tips that could help keep both conditions from causing aggravation.

Jock Itch: Causes and Symptoms

A tiny fungal spore, tinea cruris, is responsible for jock itch. Most fungus cells thrive in moist, damp conditions where light is sparse. Men who work out or otherwise engage in hot, steamy sports while wearing tight pieces of clothing create the perfect environment for this fungal infection. Symptoms can vary a bit from man to man, but most people with the infection report intense itching and pain centering on the inner thighs, buttocks or the groin.

Herpes: Causes and Symptoms

Herpes is considered a sexually transmitted disease, because contact with infected skin is necessary for the condition to take hold. Herpes can cause flu-like symptoms, including a fever and swollen lymph nodes. Those symptoms tend to appear in the days and weeks following infection, and they’re followed by an outbreak of wet-looking, incredibly itchy sores. The spots tend to stay in place for about 2 weeks, and they resolve on their own in time. An outbreak might recur at a later date, however, causing the same types of sores to reappear.

Key Differences

Jock itch can spread to the penis, but that’s not common. Instead, this rash tends to focus on the legs and the dark crevices of the body. Herpes, on the other hand, can infect the penis itself, and sores on the head of the penis are quite common. The itching symptoms caused by the two conditions can be quite similar, but the areas in which the itching takes place tend to be quite different.

The appearance of the two conditions is also strikingly different. Where jock itch tends to look a lot like a red rash, with a few tiny blisters on the edge, herpes infections look like heat blisters that are filled with fluid. When these blisters pop, they form painful, crusty sores. Jock itch doesn’t behave in this way.

Getting Better

Rashes and sores of any kind should be brought to the attention of a doctor. Medical professionals can use laboratory tests to determine exactly what is causing the itch, and they can prescribe appropriate treatments to keep that problem from spreading. Any man with an itch should put a call to the doctor at the top of his to-do list. With proper diagnosis, these self-care tips can help to speed healing.

Herpes is considered a chronic condition, because there are no specific medications that can completely eradicate the disease from a person’s body. Drugs can keep new outbreaks from taking place, but people who have herpes will need to take extra care to ensure that they don’t infect other people in the future. For men, this means using medications regularly, avoiding sex during breakouts and always wearing a condom. Applying a penis health crème can also help the skin to stay resilient and strong between outbreaks.

Jock itch, on the other hand, is far from hearty, and a few doses of antifungal cream can make the symptoms go away. By staying clean, men can ensure that the condition doesn’t come back. Quick showers after sweaty workouts can wash spores away, and following up that cleaning with a penis health crème (most experts recommend Man 1 Man Oil) can help the skin to stay soft and strong, which might provide a less hospitable environment for future infectious spores.

Source by John Dugan

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10 Interesting Facts about Archangel Gabriel

1. Gabriel means: “God is my strength” or “God is mighty.” Gabriel is one of only two angels mentioned by name in the Bible. Michael is the other. Raphael is mentioned in the Apocrypha, which is included in the Catholic Bible.

2. Gabriel appears in the Bible as a messenger on important occasions. The most famous example of this is the Annunciation when he visited the Virgin Mary and told her to prepare for the birth of Jesus Christ (Luke 1:26-38).

3. Gabriel has always had a close association with maternity. An ancient legend says that she announced the birth of Samson. She appeared to Zacharias to tell him that he and his wife Elizabeth should prepare for the birth of a son, John the Baptist (Luke 1:5-25). In the Jewish tradition it is believed that Gabriel instructs the baby while it is in the womb.

4. Although not identified by name, many Christians believe that Gabriel announced Christ’s birth to the shepherds, warned Mary and Joseph that Herod’s soldiers were searching for Jesus, and rolled away the stone that sealed the tomb of Jesus.

5. Gabriel is considered the Archangel of Dreams, Premonitions and Clairvoyance. This came about after she helped Daniel to understand the significance and symbolism of his strange dreams (Daniel 8:16-27).

6. In 98 C.E. a strange letter containing “the Commandments of Jesus Christ” appeared. It was supposedly written by Gabriel and became a relic of the early church. The originals of this letter have never been produced, but copies were sold in England as lucky charms to provide safe childbirth and to protect the owner from evil and harm.

7. According to the Harmonists, a nineteenth-century religious sect, Gabriel visited their leader, Father George Rapp, in New Harmony, Indiana, and even left her footprint on a limestone slab. It can still be seen today.

8. In the Christian tradition, Gabriel will blow the horn to wake the dead on Judgment Day. The Judgement card in the Tarot deck illustrates this. Cole Porter wrote the song Blow, Gabriel, Blow for his 1934 musical Anything Goes.

9. Gabriel appeared to Muhammad and dictated the Koran to him. In the Islamic tradition, Gabriel also taught Noah how to build his ark from the famed cedar trees of Lebanon. Muslims also believe that Gabriel presented Abraham with the Black Stone of the Kaba. Everyone who makes the annual pilgrimage to Mecca kisses this stone.

10. One of the most remarkable stories about Gabriel is the Islamic belief that she invented coffee. One night, when Muhammad was extremely tired, Gabriel brought him a cup of coffee. This not only kept him awake, but also gave him the necessary strength to defeat forty horsemen, and to satisfy forty women.

Source by Richard Webster

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Healthy Spring Water And The Value Of Proper pH Balance

What are our basic needs?

Oxygen (air)

Food

Water

Constant body temperature (98.6 F.)

Food is a need that is bought with money or time, so we can realize immediate value in it.
Body temperature has to be maintained by mechanical means, ie heat in winter, air conditioning in summer. These mechanical means cost initially on the front end and cost to maintain them, as we are aware of when we receive our utility bills.

Lets focus on the two basic needs that are often taken for granted, maybe because we do not immediately see value in them.

Air is, well, (for the time being, and the most part) still free. I suppose if we have to air up our auto tires, while on the road, we see immediate value in air. Then some Ecology students or Al Gore would discuss with us how much value we derive from the air we now breathe freely, and for how long we will be able to breathe this reliably clean air. Then for those of us who live in major metropolitan areas, the issue of clean air and the value of it is very real.
Let's talk about Free Air later.

Instead let's focus on Free Water, and the value of it. Did my Grammar School Teacher coin the phrase, "You can lead a horse to water, but you can not make him drink"; Or was she borrowing a quote from a timeless philosopher? What ever the case may be, the saying still remains true today and is relevant to this essay. If I were to take you by the hand and show you a cool, pure spring of water, maybe a natural mountain spring, a healthy spring, would you drink from it? Some would probably want it tested (a very good point). For the most part, though, this healthy spring is free. We would really see value in it if it were tested. Tested for what?

Well, let's back up a little and see where I came up with our four basic needs, no it was not from my High School Biology teacher, although I'm sure they led me to that knowledge, I just did not drink.

Abraham Maslow (1908-1970): PhD. In Psychology who created the now famous, "Hierarchy of Needs", labeled our 4 basic needs as the "physiological needs" and and are the foundation of all our need. Yes there are more, but the basics must be met before we advance to the others. Dr. Maslow identified the physiological needs as, oxygen, water, protein, salt, sugar, calcium, and other minerals and vitamins. They also include the need to maintain a pH balance (getting too acidic or base will kill you) and temperature (98.6 or near to it). Also, there's the needs to be active, to rest, to sleep, to get rid of wastes (CO2, sweat, urine, and feces), to avoid pain, and to have sex. Quite a collection!

I said (well, I and Dr. Maslow) all that to say this. Remember, I'm backing up and asked the question, "tested for what." Well Doctor Maslow listed all kinds of ingredients, I assume for the food group of which included minerals and proper pH balance. So then if minerals and a proper pH balance is essential to our basic needs, we would want to test that water for the same. Then if I pulled out my handy swimming pool water test kit and the healthy spring water tested no chlorine, not acidic, perfect pH balance, and I found a good mix of trace minerals, could we see value in it? Forgive me if I answer, sure we would see value and that healthy spring water would be desirous to drink.

Let me conclude this theses on a couple of points; Dr. Maslow died a reliably young man, perhaps he lost focus on his theorizing. One article stated he embarked on a crusade into "Humanistic Psychology". For whatever reason, he died at age 62, he is not a very good reference for my next point.

The Bible states in Gen. 6: 3 mans' days shall be one hundred and twenty years. While we seem to be doing better, the life expectancy in the late 1800's was like 45 yrs., And is now around 75 yrs., Very few Americans live to see 120, and if some reach 100, their quality of life is badly degraded . This is unlike most Japanese men, who live near the reefs of Okinawa.

Source by Daniel Huffman

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The KWP2000 Protocol in Automotive Diagnostic Applications

The KWP2000 protocol has become a de facto standard in automotive diagnostic applications. It is standardized as ISO 14230-3. KWP2000 describes the implementation of various diagnostic services you can accethrough the protocol. You can run KWP2000 on several transport layers such as K-line (serial) or CAN.

Transport Protocol

As KWP2000 uses messages of variable byte lengths, a transport protocol is necessary on layers with only a well defined (short) message length, such as CAN. The transport protocol splits a long KWP2000 message into pieces that can be transferred over the network and reassembles those pieces to recover the original message.

KWP2000 runs on CAN on various transport protocols such as ISO TP (ISO 15765-2), TP 1.6, TP 2. 0 (Volkswagen), and SAE J1939-21. For KWP2000, the Automotive Diagnostic Command Set supports only the ISO TP (standardized in ISO 15765-2) and manufacturer-specific VW TP 2.0 transport protocols.

Diagnostic Services

The diagnostic services available in KWP2000 are grouped in functional units and identified by a one-byte code (ServiceId). The standard does not define all codes; for some codes, the standard refers to other SAE or ISO standards, and some are reserved for manufacturer-specific extensions. The Automotive Diagnostic Command Set supports the following services:

• Diagnostic Management

• Data Transmission

• Stored Data Transmission (Diagnostic Trouble Codes)

• Input/Output Control

• Remote Activation of Routine

Upload/Download and Extended services are not part of the Automotive Diagnostic Command Set.

Diagnostic Service Format

Diagnostic services have a common message format. Each service defines a Request Message, Positive Response Message, and Negative Response Message. The Request Message has the ServiceId as first byte, plus additional service-defined parameters. The Positive Response Message has an echo of the ServiceId with bit 6 set as first byte, plus the service-defined response parameters.

The Negative Response Message is usually a three-byte message: it has the Negative Response ServiceId as first byte, an echo of the original ServiceId as second byte, and a ResponseCode as third byte. The only exception to this format is the negative response to an EscapeCode service; here, the third byte is an echo of the user-defined service code, and the fourth byte is the ResponseCode. The KWP2000 standard partly defines the ResponseCodes, but there is room left for manufacturer-specific extensions. For some of the ResponseCodes, KWP2000 defines an error handling procedure. Because both positive and negative responses have an echo of the requested service, you can always assign the responses to their corresponding request.

Connect/Disconnect

KWP2000 expects a diagnostic session to be started with StartDiagnosticSession and terminated with StopDiagnosticSession. However, StartDiagnosticSession has a DiagnosticMode parameter that determines the diagnostic session type. Depending on this type, the ECU may or may not support other diagnostic services, or operate in a restricted mode where not all ECU functions are available. The DiagnosticMode parameter values are manufacturer specific and not defined in the standard. For a diagnostic session to remain active, it must execute the TesterPresent service periodically if no other service is executed. If the TesterPresent service is missing for a certain period of time, the diagnostic session is terminated, and the ECU returns to normal operation mode.

GetSeed/Unlock

A GetSeed/Unlock mechanism may protect some diagnostic services. However, the applicable services are left to the manufacturer and not defined by the standard.You can execute the GetSeed/Unlock mechanism through the SecurityAccess service. This defines several levels of security, but the manufacturer assigns these levels to certain services.

Read/Write Memory

Use the Read/WriteMemoryByAddress services to upload/download data to certain memory addresses on an ECU. The address is a three-byte quantity in KWP2000 and a five-byte quantity (four-byte address and one-byte extension) in the calibration protocols. The Upload/Download functional unit services are highly manufacturer specific and not well defined in the standard, so they are not a good way to provide a general upload/download mechanism.

Measurements

Use the ReadDataByLocal/CommonIdentifier services to access ECU data in a way similar to a DAQ list. A Local/CommonIdentifier describes a list of ECU quantities that are then transferred from the ECU to the tester. The transfer can be either single value or periodic, with a slow, medium, or fast transfer rate. The transfer rates are manufacturer specific; you can use the SetDataRates service to set them, but this setting is manufacturer specific. The Automotive Diagnostic Command Set supports single-point measurements.

Diagnostic Trouble Codes

A major diagnostic feature is the readout of Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs). KWP2000 defines several services that access DTCs based on their group or status.

Input/Output Control

KWP2000 defines services to modify internal or external ECU signals. One example is redirecting ECU sensor inputs to stimulated signals. The control parameters of these commands are manufacturer specific and not defined in the standard.

Remote Activation of a Routine

These services are similar to the ActionService and DiagService functions of CCP. You can invoke …

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How to Get a Bigger, Stronger and Longer Penis Without Pills, Surgery Or Devices

As a woman let me tell you that yes size absolutely does matter. This is not to be condescending, but size does make a huge difference (no pun intended).

But let me stress that I would highly advise against getting surgery, pumps and taking pills to make your penis muscle bigger. All those methods are costly and gimmicks at best.

If you want to learn how to get a bigger, stronger, and longer penis, and have more control over it you need to start exercising your penis. Many people exercise their penis to gain more control of it as well, penis exercises are excellent for men suffering from premature ejaculation.

What Are Penis Exercises?

You may be laughing or wondering, “You want me to do penis exercises? Like put a little dumbbell or weights on my penis?” Fortunately for you exercising your penis is a safe and very easy method to increase your penis length and girth. It doesn’t require any weights or devices.

Like any other muscle of your body, you need to exercise your penis muscle. If you don’t exercise your muscles you know what happens you become weak, and flabby. I’ll give you an example of a popular penis exercise for beginners called jelqing.

Wet Jelqing

Before you do this exercise, as with any exercise, you must warm up. To warm up simply take a nice hot shower or use a warm towel of place it on your penis and the surrounding area.

You will need lubrication or oil; I recommend using olive oil, coconut oil, grape-seed oil or almond oil. Your penis needs to be 20-40% erect to do this. If you find yourself getting aroused, stop and then wait till your penis is again 20-40% erect.

Put oil all over your hands and your penis. Then make a circle with your index finger and your thumb at the base of your penis. Slowly run your two fingers down the length of your penis until you reach the end of the shaft, just under the head. Repeat with your left hand. Do 15 sets totaling 30 strokes each hand.

See it’s that easy. In two months time you will find your penis bigger, stronger and longer and you will have more control over it preventing premature ejaculation.

If you really want to learn how to get a bigger, stronger and longer penis I highly recommend you get the bestselling penis exercise book, now available as an eBook called Exercising the Penis by Aaron Kemmer. He explains how you can increase your penis size with full explanations and penis workout schedules so you won’t hurt or strain yourself.

Source by Jennifer L. Andrews

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The Best Treatment For the Inattentive ADHD and ADD

The best medicine for ADHD Inattentive (ADHD-PI) or Inattentive ADD is probably not Ritalin. There are some psychiatrists that believe that Inattentive ADD or ADHD-PI may not be ADHD at all and that patients with this subtype of ADHD may respond totally differently than the other subtypes to stimulant medication.

Dr. Russell Barkley, a foremost authority on ADHD, has written this about treating the inattentive subtype of ADHD: “These children do not respond to stimulants anywhere near as well as AD/HD hyperactive, impulsive children do. Only about one in five of these children will show a sufficiently therapeutic response to maintain them on medication after an initial period of titration. Oh, you’ll find that about two-thirds of them show mild improvement, but those improvements are not enough to justify calling them clinical responders, therapeutic responders. Ninety-two percent of AD/HD children respond to stimulants. Twenty percent of these children respond to stimulants. And the dosing is different. AD/HD children tend to be better on moderate to high doses. Inattentive children, if they’re going to respond at all, it’s at very light doses, small doses. “

Many people with ADHD-PI however, successfully use stimulant treatment. For some people even a mild improvement is reason enough to stay on the medication. The best medicine is always tailored to each individual but there is data that Ritalin works less well for ADHD-PI than the Adderall family of drugs. It would be nice, I think, to have an easy and quick reference for the medicines used to treat for Primarily Inattentive ADHD. To better understand the treatments available, a very basic lesson in the biology of ADHD is handy.

All types of ADHD are thought to be the result of a problem with neurotransmitters in our brain. The two neurotransmitters that cause the major symptoms of ADHD are Dopamine and Epinephrine (norepinephrine). Very simply stated, a low amount of dopamine in our brain will cause hyperactivity and impulsivity. A low amount of epinephrine will cause lack of focus, lethargy, and mental fatigue. Serotonin, another neurotransmitter, is secreted and depleted in tandem with dopamine and epinephrine. Low levels of serotonin make us irritable, tired, and depressed. The level of circulating serotonin is related to the levels of these other two neurotransmitters and vice versa.

All the treatments for ADHD work to optimize neurotransmitter function in the brain. The Ritalin (Methylphenidate) family works by increasing both brain dopamine and epinephrine. The Adderall (Amphetamine) family works by increasing brain epinephrine and dopamine but this family of drugs increases dopamine by only about half as much as Methylphenidate. Strattera (atomoxetine) works by increasing brain norepinephrine. Guanfacine (Intuniv) regulates the flow and effectiveness of neurotransmitter receptors in the brain in a way that reduces hyperactivity, improves working memory, and diminishes impulsivity, and distractibility.

So what is the best medicine for ADHD-PI? Some doctors believe that the Adderall family works better than the Ritalin family for the inattentives as the medication’s effects on norepinephrine are greater than the effects on dopamine. All stimulants can make some inattentives anxious but ADHD-PI patients seem to tolerate the amphetamines better than they tolerate the Ritalin family.

It would seem that using this very simple understanding of the biology of ADHD, that Strattera should work the best for ADHD-PI. The reality is that Strattera only works for some patients with ADHD-PI. We are not sure why this is the case. It would also seem that Intuniv would work poorly for folks with ADHD-PI as its main effect is on hyperactivity. The reality is that some doctors have found that Intuniv works well for ADHD-PI patients.

Because some folks with ADHD also have problems with depression and anxiety, antidepressants such as the tricyclics (Elavil, Norpramin, Tofranil) which work on Norepinephrine and Serotonin are sometimes prescribed. There are many patients who report relief of their inattentive symptoms when they are treated with the tricyclics. The SSRIs, the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, (Prozac, Paxil, Celexa) work only on serotonin and are sometimes used in conjunction with the stimulants to treat ADHD-PI with depression but may also help inattention.

All of these medications can have side effects. The stimulants can cause weight loss, anxiety, and sleep issues. Intuniv can cause drops in blood pressure and sleepiness, Strattera can cause sexual dysfunction and has as do the SSRIs a warning for pediatric patients regarding an increased risk of agitation, irritability and suicidal thinking. Usually the medication side effects are mild or rare but when they are not, they will unfortunately dictate what treatment can be used.

Some researchers believe that once we have mapped the genetic issues involved in ADHD, we will be able to tailor individual treatments for everyone with ADHD. This is a tall order as the neurotransmitter actions in the brain are complex and none of the …

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Parasites-How Do You Know if You Have Worms and What to Do About Them

I had a client a while back who had this question for me: “I’ve noticed that I’ve been getting menstrual cramps the last few months and I don’t usually have them. Can you tell me what you think it is?”

It was determined, strangely or not so strangely enough, that the cause of those menstrual cramps was parasites! And this isn’t the only disease caused, in part, by parasites. Read on…

I recommend for her, and for you, that you worm both your pets and yourselves about twice a year.

I’ve tried natural wormers over the years–actually LOTS of natural wormers such as: garlic, cloves, black walnut, cilantro, wormwood, pumpkin seeds, pomegranate, diatomaceous earth, Rascal, Zymex, Vermifuge, several other natural wormer formulas and homeopathics, but nothing seems that effective. I’ve even tried the Hulda Clarke “Zapper” (which does not work by the way, because the voltage of the thing is not strong enough to penetrate the fecal material within the bowels–save your money by not purchasing or building one!) I am sorry to report (as a naturopath) that studies show these herbal treatments are only about 20% effective. The Certified Organic organization says when all else fails, use ivermectin (which is not organic in any way), but have you seen the list of side affects to that particular product? Three pages long!

I will say that when a client comes to me, I ask them if they have any cravings. One sure sign they are “wormy” is when they tell me they crave cloves. Clove oil has been shown to penetrate the egg and kill it where the other herbs only kill the adults. Herbs that kill parasites are often found in herbal cancer formulas because parasites are often a core cause of that particular disease.

One reason why I push so much for routine worming is that the medical field often misses this diagnosis–especially if you don’t have a history of traveling outside the United States where parasites are often a big issue. I love working in my garden and often I am an open-mouth breather when I’m working up the soil. We also live in a windy area and dirt from the wheat and grass fields is often in the air. I try to wash my hands frequently, but anyone who works in the dirt knows that it’s nearly impossible to keep from getting it on you.

Another reason why I stay on top of the worm situation is that worms carry viruses into our body. Some of these viruses can cause cancer, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis, and a host of other horrid diseases.

In my opinion, the safest, cheapest, easiest, most effective way to worm yourself and your pets of the most common worms (roundworms–also called strongyles, thread worms, pinworms, ascarids) is to go to the local feed store and get a bottle of horse or dog roundwormer–Equi-Phar, ProTal, Strongid-T, and Nemex are all trade names of Pyrantel Pamoate. I say this because when you ask your doctor for a wormer, they usually tell you there is no need for you to be wormed. Make sure it says Pyrantel Pamoate on the label and nothing else added. Combination wormers are not always needed and not always safe.

Dosage: Use the dose of 5-10 mg/kilogram bodyweight (about 1 ml/5 to 10 pounds of a 50mg/ml solution) of bodyweight for dogs and humans and 1 ½ ml/5 to 10 pounds for cats. One teaspoon is 5 ml or cc (ml and cc are the same unit of volume). If you are not good at math, you’ll want to double-check that you are taking the correct dosage. Although this wormer is so safe that you can take 40 times the amount with no harmful side effects, you don’t want to under dose. And, “If a little is good, a LOT is not necessary better.” The most common side effect is nausea so take this product with something on your stomach like a small meal or a few crackers.

One dose is all it takes, but you may have to give a second dose 7-10 days after the first dose for the initial worming or if the wormload is quite large. I use this once a year now for myself as I have had a history of heart palpitations (another symptom associated with parasites.) The worms will be dead within 20 minutes. You won’t feel anything and should have no side-effects. You won’t see anything pass into the toilet as a general rule but if you are wondering about what is passing, a photo often helps. Often people will mistake intestinal shreds for flatworms or tapeworms and undigested food for parasites. This wormer will not kill those types of parasties. Occasionally I see a pet get nauseated with an overdose, but in …

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