After massive threat of Dengue fever now Pakistan is in danger of another endemic disease, Congo Fever. Congo Crimean Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is fatal viral disease caused by domestic and wild animals. Basically it is caused by Tick (Chichar in Urdu) which is an external parasite lives on the blood of animal. The danger of this disease in Pakistan is increasing at the eve of Eidul Azha because of mass slaughter of sacrificial animals during this religious occasion.
Employees of livestock department and those handling sacrificial animals will at great risk. According to Health Department of Pakistan sacrificial animals being imported from Iran, Afghanistan and India posed a big threat because these countries were facing endemic of Congo Virus. Lahore is in severe danger of this disease because most of the sacrificial animals being imported from India illegally (they are 60 % cheaper than local animals). This year patients of Congo fever in Pakistan were reported in Rawalpindi, Karachi and Gilgit-Baltistan. Congo fever has high mortality rate which is almost 50%.
Preventive measures against Congo fever/Preventions
1- This disease spread from Ticks (Chichar) so healthy animals can avoid this disease.
2- Limited contact with animals is also important.
3- Buy sacrificial animals from small and ventilated markets.
4- While visiting cattle markets cover your face and hand.
5- Use insect repellents to save your animals from ticks.
Symptoms of Congo fever
1- Patients get high temperature in beginning.
2- Pain in joints and in different parts of body starts.
3- Bleeding from gums, skin and large intestine also starts and red spots appears on body.
4- All the symptoms of Congo fever are similar that of Dengue fever.
Treatment of Congo fever
1- There are no specific medicines for this disease.
2- Usage of different medicines at early stage can save human life.
it is fatal disease and it destroys the platelets in human blood. It is better to take preventive measures to avoid this fatal disease.